Prostitution by country

Bellow you will find the legal policies on prostitution, brothel ownership, and pimping for 100 countries. In the category of prostitution is included also the higher form of it : escorting ( escorts)
These countries are mentioned in this table taking in consideration all major religions, gheographical regions and the legal views towards prostitution and escort prostitution. The population estimated are mentioned according to Wikipedia entries for each country and are based on the lates census in those countries (2011-2013)

Legal in 50 (50%); Limited Legality in 11 (11%); Illegal in 39 (39%); Total: 100 (100%)
  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Angola
  4. Antigua and Barbuda
  5. Argentina
  6. Armenia
  7. Australia
  8. Austria
  9. Bahamas
  10. Bangladesh
  11. Barbados
  12. Belgium
  13. Belize
  14. Bolivia
  15. Brazil
  16. Bulgaria
  17. Cambodia
  18. Canada
  19. Chile
  20. China (including Taiwan)
  21. Colombia
  22. Costa Rica
  23. Croatia
  24. Cuba
  25. Cyprus
  1. Czech Republic
  2. Denmark
  3. Dominica
  4. Dominican Republic
  5. Ecuador
  6. Egypt
  7. El Salvador
  8. Estonia
  9. Ethiopia
  10. Finland
  11. France
  12. Germany
  13. Greece
  14. Grenada
  15. Guatemala
  16. Guyana
  17. Haiti
  18. Honduras
  19. Hungary
  20. Iceland
  21. India
  22. Indonesia
  23. Iran
  24. Iraq
  25. Ireland
  1. Israel
  2. Italy
  3. Jamaica
  4. Japan
  5. Jordan
  6. Kenya
  7. Korea, North
  8. Korea, South
  9. Kyrgyzstan
  10. Latvia
  11. Liberia
  12. Lithuania
  13. Luxembourg
  14. Malaysia
  15. Malta
  16. Mexico
  17. Netherlands
  18. New Zealand
  19. Nicaragua
  20. Norway
  21. Panama
  22. Paraguay
  23. Peru
  24. Philippines
  25. Poland
  1. Portugal
  2. Romania
  3. Rwanda
  4. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  5. Saint Lucia
  6. Saint Vincent and Grenadines
  7. Saudi Arabia
  8. Senegal
  9. Singapore
  10. Slovakia
  11. Slovenia
  12. South Africa
  13. Spain
  14. Suriname
  15. Sweden
  16. Switzerland
  17. Thailand
  18. Trinidad and Tobago
  19. Turkey
  20. Uganda
  21. United Arab Emirates
  22. United Kingdom(including Scotland)
  23. United States
  24. Uruguay
  25. Venezuela

Country

Legal Status of Prostitution, Brothel and Pimping

Related Information

1.Afghanistan

Population: 31,108,077

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution (escorts) in Afghanistan is illegal, with punishments ranging from 5 to 15 years imprisonment. Despite Afghanistan being deeply religious and one of the most conservative countries in the world, where sex outside marriage is against the law, some prostitution activities are reported in the capital Kabul as well as in the Mazar-e-Sharif area in the north of the country.Females from Iran, Tajikistan, China, and possibly Uganda and other countries are imported for prostitution into Afghanistan

2. Albania

Population:3,011,405

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution in Albania is illegal, but the country is a major exporter of human trafficking. Nearly all of the prostitutes in Albania come from Moldova, Ukraine, Russia, Bulgaria and are bought to Albania as it is seen as a gateway to Europe, especially Italy

3. Angola

Population 18,498,000

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution in Angola is illegal and prevalent since the end of the civil war in 2001. Humman trafficking from China is major problem which the Angolan government working with Chinese Police

4. Antigua and Barbuda

Population: 85,632

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

5. Argentina

Population: 41,660,417

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

In Argentina, prostitution itself (exchanging sex for money) is legal, but organized prostitution (brothels, prostitution rings, pimping) is illegal. The 2008 Human Rights Report of the US Department of State stated that trafficking of women to and within the country for prostitution was a problem

6. Armenia

Population: 2,967,004

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

In Armenia, prostitution itself is legal, pimping, however, is punished by a prison term. Operating a brothel and engaging in other forms of pimping are crimes punishable by one to 10 years' imprisonment

7. Australia

Population: 23,549,099

Prostitution: Limited Legality
The law varies depending on the
state
from decriminalized to legally regulated to criminal.

Brothel Ownership: Limited Legality
4 states permit brothels,

1 allows as part of a containment policy,

and 3 prohibit.

Pimping: Limited Legality

Prostitution in Australia is governed by state and territory laws, which vary considerably; and Federal legislation also has an impact on some aspects of prostitution throughout Australia, and of australian citizens and residents outside of the country

8. Austria

Population: 8,504,850

Prostitution: Legal
Legal since Jan. 1, 1975.
Laws regulating prostitution require prostitutes
to register, undergo periodic health examinations, be 19 years old or older, and pay taxes.

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution in Austria is legal and regulated. Most escorts are migrants, mainly from the former Eastern Bloc countries. According to a 2010 TAMPEP study, 78% of sex workers in Austria are foreigners

9. Bahamas

Population: 309,156

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

10.Bangladesh

Population:156,050,883

Prostitution: Limited Legality
Female prostitution with minimum age 18 is legal. Male prostitution is illegal.

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Legal

Prostitution in Bangladesh is legal and so are brothels.In 2002 the government changed the law in an effort to improve the legal situation of escorts.However the social stigmatization of prostitutes continue to lead a double life

11.Barbados

Population: 284,589

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

12. Belgium

Population:11,198,638

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution itself is legal in Belgium, but the law prohibits operating brothels and other forms of pimping or assisting immigration for the purpose of prostitution. However, in practice enforcement can be lax and "unofficial" brothels are tolerated (for example in Antwerp). Human trafficking or exploiting individuals for financial gain is punishable for a maximum prison sentence of 15 years.A recent report by RiskMonitor foundation found that 70% of the escorts who work in Belgium are from Bulgaria. Belgium is listed by the UNODC as a top destination for victims of human trafficking. Many sex workers organisations feel that the present grey area in which prostitution operates leaves sex workers vulnerable to exploitation

13. Belize

Population: 307,899

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

14. Bolivia

Population: 10,556,102

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

In Bolivia, prostitution is legal and regulated.

Prostitutes must register and must undergo regular health checks for sexually transmitted diseases (every 20 days). The police are allowed to check whether the prostitutes are registered or not.

15. Brazil

Population:201,032,714

Prostitution: Legal
There are no regulations for adult prostitution.

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution itself (exchanging sex for money) in Brazil is legal, as there are no laws forbidding adult prostitution,but it is illegal to operate a brothel or to employ prostitutes in any other way.

In 2002, pressure by the sex worker organization Davida contributed to the Brazilian Ministry of Labor adding "sex worker" to an official list of occupations. Prostitution is not regulated in any way (no mandatory health checks, no licenses are issued etc.), but street prostitutes and call girls can contribute to the official government pension fund and receive benefits when they retire.

Fernando Gabeira founder of the Green Party has been a strong voice for sex workers' rights in Brazil and introduced legislation in Congress to recognise prostitution as a profession. The bill was defeated in 2007.

Brazilian sex workers have campaigned for the repeal of laws criminalising the maintenance of whorehouses and pimping. Those offenses carry sentences from two to five years in prison. They demanded that they should pay social benefits and get all the privileges like any other worker. The National Network of Sex Professionals (Rede Brasileira de Prostitutas) was angry at the Beijing's (4th) International Conference on Women for their condemnation of prostitution. Their leader, ex-prostitute and sociologist Gabriela da Silva Leite, said that she had classes with sociologist Fernando Henrique Cardoso at Universidade de Săo Paulo, who later became Brazil's president

16. Bulgaria

Population: 7,364,570

Prostitution: Limited Legality
Prostitution is not specifically addressed in the law.

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution itself is legal, but organized prostitution (brothels, prostitution rings or other forms of procuring) is prohibited. Because of poor socioeconomic conditions, a high number of Romani women were involved in prostitution.
It originally gained a reputation as a transit for human trafficking, and now it has gained a reputation for being a destination for the sex trade to take place.
The Bulgarian government is stepping up its efforts to eradicate human trafficking. The sex trade is a major money maker for Bulgarian criminals. The Bulgarian government did consider fully legalizing and regulating prostitution.
There are 20,000 Bulgarian prostitutes abroad and its source of foreign exchange earnings for Bulgaria

17.Cambodia

Population: 14,494,293

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"The constitution prohibits prostitution; however, there is no specific legislation against working as a prostitute. Trafficking in women for the purpose of prostitution was a serious problem, despite laws against procuring and kidnapping for purposes of sexual exploitation. There were reports that police abused prostitutes. Despite increased crackdowns on brothel operators in Phnom Penh, prostitution and related trafficking persisted. Estimates of the number of working prostitutes ranged from 14,725 to 18,250. Sex tourism was a problem, fueled by pervasive poverty and the perception of impunity."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Cambodia," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

18. Canada

Population: 35,427,524

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Legal





 

Prostitution in Canada is legal as there are no laws prohibiting the exchange of sex for money or other consideration. On the 20th December 2013, the Supreme Court of Canada found the laws prohibiting brothels, public communication for the purpose of prostitution, and living on the profits of prostitution to be unconstitutional. The ruling gave the Canadian parliament 12 months to rewrite the prostitution laws with a stay of effect so that the current laws remain in force. Amending legislation was introduced in June 2014.
While the prohibition of the activities surrounding the sex trade makes it difficult to practice prostitution without breaking any law, the act of exchanging sex for money has never been illegal in Canada, a situation which has created and continues to create confusion and controversy. The prostitution laws have been largely unchanged since the early 19th century despite frequent commissions, studies and constitutional challenges since the introduction of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982.
There is a general agreement that the status quo of prostitution in Canada is problematic, but there is no consensus on what should be done. There is an ideological disagreement between those who want to see prostitution eliminated (prohibitionism), generally because they view it either as an exploitative or unacceptable part of society, and those who view prostitution as a transaction between consenting adults and advocate decriminalisation. The term "sex work" is used interchangeably with "prostitution" in this article, in accordance with the World Health Organisation (WHO 2001; WHO 2005) and the United Nations (UN 2006; UNAIDS 2002). However the Conservative majority Government of Canada is committed to a prohibitionist position, as laid out in its new legislation introduced in 2014.

19. Chile

Population: 16,601,707

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Although adult prostitution is legal in Chile, bordellos are not. Several hundred women were registered as prostitutes with the National Health Service. Police often detained prostitutes (usually as a result of complaints by neighborhood residents) on charges of "offenses against morality," which could lead to a 50,000 pesos fine or five days in prison.[1] Procurement or pandering is illegal and punishable under law.[1] Inducing a minor (below age 18) to have sex in exchange for money or other favors is illegal.[1] Punishment ranges from three to 20 years in prison and a 520,000 pesos fine depending on the age of the minor.A police sexual crimes brigade was specifically charged with investigating and prosecuting pedophilia and child pornography cases.

20. China(including Taiwan)

Population:1,350,695,000

Taiwan

Prostitution: Illegal


Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution-related activities in mainland China are characterised by diverse types, venues and prices. Prostitutes themselves come from a broad range of social backgrounds. They are almost all female, though in recent years male prostitutes have also emerged. A large number of Russian women work as prostitutes in China. Venues typically include hotels, karaoke venues and beauty salons.

Officially, prostitution is illegal in mainland China. The government of China has vacillated, however, in its legal treatment of prostitutes themselves, treating them sometimes as criminals and sometimes as behaving with misconduct. Since the reemergence of prostitution in the 1980s, government authorities have responded by first using the legal system, that is, the daily operations of institutions like courts and police. Second, they have relied on police-led campaigns, clearly delineated periods of intense public activity, as a form of social discipline. Despite lobbying by international NGOs and overseas commentators, there is not much support for legalisation of the sex sector by the public, social organizations or the government of the PRC.

21.Colombia

Population: 45,644,023

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

"Adult prostitution is legal in designated 'tolerance zones,' but enforcement of, and restriction to, the zones remained difficult. Prostitution was widespread and exacerbated by poverty and internal displacement. Sex tourism existed to a limited extent, particularly in coastal cities such as Cartagena andBarranquilla, where marriage and dating services were often fronts for sexual tourism. The law prohibits organizing or facilitating sexual tourism and provides penalties of three to eight years' imprisonment. Trafficking in women for sexual exploitation continued to be a problem."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Colombia," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

22. Costa Rica

Population: 4,253,877

Prostitution: Legal
Must be over 18 years old and carry
a health card showing how recently
they had a medical check-up.

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

"Costa Rica can be hard. And it can be easy. It can be perturbing and paradisiacal. It can be restrictive: No nudity on the beach. And it can be permissive: Prostitution is legal. The country has a split personality and the ironies make the 'rich coast' even richer."

Linton Weeks, "On the Edge in Costa Rica," Washington Post, Oct. 24, 2004

23. Croatia

Population: 4,489,409

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal but widespread and generally punishable by fines. Women's organizations claimed that prostitutes faced abuse, stigmatization, and public humiliation. There were reports that women were trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation...

The country is mainly a transit country for women and girls trafficked from countries in Eastern Europe and the Balkans to other parts of Europe for prostitution and labor exploitation. The country was also a source and destination country for trafficked women. In December the government reported that seven trafficking victims were identified during the year; three victims were Croatians, three were Bosnians, and one was Serbian. Four of the victims were men trafficked for purposes of labor exploitation, one was a woman also trafficked for purposes of labor exploitation, while three of the victims were women trafficked for sexual exploitation."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Croatia," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

24. Cuba

Population: 11,451,652

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

25. Cyprus

Population: 796,740

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Sun-baked Cyprus is the sordid scene of a flourishing trade in young foreign women who are often reduced to sexual slavery, according to non-governmental groups meeting in Nicosia on Friday...

'Cyprus is a destination country for victims of trafficking, especially for sexual exploitation,' said Rita Superman, head of the anti-trafficking unit of the Cyprus police. 'The countries of origin of the victims are traditionally countries of Eastern Europe, such as Moldova and Ukraine. The pattern though is changing lately, since a lot of victims come from developing countries such as the Philippines, Latin America, Morocco and Syria,' Superman said...

This year alone, Cypriot police have identified 54 victims of sexual exploitation, including 11 on whom force was used to make them work.

For the third year in a row, Cyprus is included on a US state department list of countries where trafficking in women is a concern."

Agence France-Presse (AFP), "Sexual Slavery of Young Foreign Women Rife in Cyprus," AsiaOne.com, Nov. 21, 2008

26. Czech Republic

Population: 10,211,904

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"The red lights are going out across Europe as prostitution falls victim to the credit crunch... In the Czech Republic, where prostitution operates in a legal grey zone but is largely tolerated, the sex industry is big business, generating $A760 million, much of it from British visitors, according to Mag Consulting, a tourism research company in Prague that studies the sex industry.

Jaromir Beranek, the director of Mag, said that when Germany and Britain, the two countries that send the most tourists to Prague, began to stagnate, sex tourism was affected too. Brothels have started laying off working girls while the shutters go up on the larger bordellos.

Near the border with Germany, many towns long blighted by a daily influx of sex tourists are pleased at the decline in business. A few years ago, the small Czech town of Dubi was so overrun by prostitution an orphanage was opened to provide refuge for dozens of unwanted babies of prostitutes and their German clients.

Sex could be bought for as little as £3.50 ($7.90). Now 40 brothels in town have shrunk to just four — the others have turned into golf shops or goulash restaurants."

Allan Hall, "Flaccid Economies Lead to Lay-Offs in Europe's Brothels," The Age, Dec. 11, 2008

27. Denmark

Population: 5,500,510

Prostitution: Legal
The act of prostitution was legalized
March 17, 1999.

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Torben Hansen, who has cerebral palsy, which severely affects his speech and mobility, believes his local authority should pay the extra charge he incurs when he hires a sex worker - because his disability means he cannot go to see them. His case is currently being considered.

...In Denmark, local authorities compensate disabled people for extra costs incurred because of their disability....In Denmark, prostitution and other forms of sex work are not illegal so long as it is not a woman's sole means of income.... 'It's unfair to deny people with disabilities the right to a sex life,' he [Hansen] added.

Kristen Brosboel, a Social Democrat member of the Danish Parliament, is among those who have argued against Mr Hansen. 'We also spend tax money on trying to prevent prostitution, helping women out of prostitution - and we have a clear policy that this is a social problem that we want to solve.... So I think that's very much in contradiction with spending tax money on requiring prostitutes."

"Dane Fights For State-funded Sex," BBC News, Oct. 5, 2005

28.Dominica

Population: 72,660

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal but was a problem. There were anecdotal reports of trafficking in persons for commercial sexual exploitation...

The DNCW [Dominica National Council of Women] and other activists believed that there may be some trafficking of women for prostitution, but acknowledged it was hard to prove as most of the women in the sex trade were afraid to come forward, fearing deportation. An NGO that interviewed commercial sex workers as part of an HIV/AIDS awareness campaign found that most appeared to have entered the country for economic reasons and began working in prostitution thereafter."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Dominica," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

29.Dominican Republic

Population: 9,650,054

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is legal, although there are some prohibitions against sex with minors, and it is illegal for a third party to derive financial gain from prostitution. However, the government usually did not enforce prostitution laws. Sex tourism remained a serious problem, particularly in Las Terrenas, Cabarete, Sosua, and Boca Chica. Human rights groups reported continuing prostitution in sugarcane work camps and areas outside the capital. NGOs conducted programs about prostitution and child sexual exploitation for hotel and industrial zone workers, male and female prostitutes, and other high-risk groups."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Dominican Republic," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

30. Ecuador

Population: 14,573,101

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Onwership: Legal

Pimping: Legal

"Prostitution is legal for persons over the age of 18 so long as the businesses are registered with the government and follow health regulations. Trafficking in persons for prostitution was a problem...

Traffickers were organized criminal gangs specializing in movement of persons, proprietors of small businesses such as bars or brothels, or illicit employment brokers. Accounts indicated that traffickers' recruitment modalities varied depending on the type of exploitation. In the case of sexual exploitation, victims were lured romantically or with promises of legitimate employment and then forced into prostitution. Recruiters for forced labor and begging included business owners in and outside the country. These traffickers offered parents education and work opportunities for their young children and then forced victims into trafficking situations, including prostitution domestically and in Colombia, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Ecuador," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

31. Egypt

Population: 83,082,869

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

It has been illegal since 1949. The man is considered a witness and is exempt of punishment for testifying against the prostitute. The penalty for prostitutes is 3-36 months in prison and/or a fine

32. El Salvador

Population: 7,185,218

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

"Although prostitution is legal, the law prohibits inducing, facilitating, promoting, giving incentives to a person to work as a prostitute, or paying anyone under the age of 18 for sexual services. Prostitution remained common, and there were credible reports that some women and girls were forced into prostitution.

Trafficking in women and girls for purposes of sexual exploitation was a problem. The attorney general reported that it had investigated approximately 80 cases of sexual exploitation."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: El Salvador," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

33. Estonia

Population: 1,299,371

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"...[T]he Minister of Justice Rein Lang of the liberal Estonian Reform Party and the Minister of Social Affairs Jaak Aab of the Estonian Centre Party, have expressed their support for the ban on buying sex....

The general opinion in Estonia does not support the key ministers' views. According to Helve Kase, Head of the Department of Women's Studies for the Estonian Institute for Open Society Research, the prostitutes are generally not viewed as victims.... According to the most recent survey from 2003, almost a third of Estonians supported punishing the prostitutes' clients. Nearly half of the women were in favour of penalizing the prostitutes. More than half of the respondents gave their support to the existing system, which forbids pimping."

"Estonia Also Considering Criminalisation of Purchase of Sex," Helsingin Sanomat, Sep. 1, 2006

34. Ethiopia

Population: 85,237,338

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Everyday about 10,000 people pass through the cross-country bus station in the Ethiopian capital to visit relatives, do business or simply search for a better life. According to a recent survey carried out in Addis Ababa, child prostitution is on the rise. The report found that partly because of poverty an increasing number of girls come to the city to become sex workers."

Damian Zane, "Ethiopian Girls Driven To Prostitution," BBC News, May 27, 2003

35. Finland

Population: 5,250,275

Prostitution: Legal
Selling and purchasing sex in public is illegal. Purchasing sex from a victim of trafficking is also illegal.

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"The sex trade exploded onto the Finnish scene in the years of the recession of the 1990s. Helsinki had about a dozen erotic restaurants, and personals ads offering company for 'daytime coffee'. Some even wanted to hire topless barbers.

In the early years of this decade there was intense debate in Finland on whether or not to make buying sex services a crime... Currently the purchase of sex services in Finland is illegal only in public places. Buying sex is also banned if the trade involves procurement or human trafficking, or if the provider of the service is below the legal age.

The National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) estimates that about 500 prostitutes ply their trade in Finland every day... Nobody knows how many prostitutes there really are in Finland. However, there is general agreement, that about half of the sex workers who operate regularly in Finland are Finns, and that a majority work part time.

Many foreign prostitutes work with the support, or under the command of a pimp. The Finns usually operate independently...As the street trade is banned, Finnish red light districts can be found in cyberspace - on sex pages on the Internet and in personals ads. Foreign sex workers also sell their services in night clubs and Thai massage parlours. "

Panu Räty, "Anna Kontula Speaks on Behalf of Sex Workers," Helsingin Sanomat, Sep. 7, 2008

36. France

Population: 64,057,792

Prostitution: Legal
Must pay taxes. Laws against soliciting
in public places.

Brothel Ownership: Illegal
.

Pimping: Illegal

Any form of assistance given toward prostitution or living off the earnings of prostitution can be considered criminal.

37. Germany

Population: 82,329,758

Prostitution: Legal
Legalized in 1927.

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Legal
Exploitative behavior considered criminal.

"An estimated 400,000 prostitutes work in Germany, and 1.2 million customers are said to use their services daily. Revenues are estimated at 6 billion euros every year - equivalent to those of companies like Porsche and Adidas.

It was mainly to offer prostitutes protection from violence and exploitation that two years ago - against the opposition of conservative politicians - the German government legalized prostitution. Now, legal contracts between prostitutes and clients can be established. The government withholds a portion of their earnings to pay social benefits like pensions and health insurance and to guarantee a regular 40-hour-workweek. Sex workers can now even unionize. When it comes to taxation and regulation of the industry, legalization has been beneficial in some places, advocates say.

...But when it comes to the goal of improving conditions for prostitutes and containing the sex trade, most experts agree that legalizing prostitution has not succeeded. 'When it was set up there was much talk of securing proper contracts, proper health insurance, but a lot of this hasn't materialized because of big holes in the legislation,' says Marion Detlefs of the Hydra prostitute advice center in Berlin. Across the country, no more than a dozen contracts have been signed. Prostitutes, who often have to share their income with brothel owners and other parties, are reluctant to pay taxes.... [A]dvocates for prostitutes complain that - despite the national law - prostitution is still treated differently in each region, giving each city the right to ban prostitution in certain areas."

Isabelle de Pommereau, "Rethinking a Legal Sex Trade," Christian Science Monitor, May 11, 2005

38. Greece

Population: 10,737,428

Prostitution: Legal
Prostitutes must be at least 21,
register, and have health checks
every 2 weeks.

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Legal

"Greece, whose ancient civilisation introduced the world to high class prostitutes in the sixth century BC, has at last decided to salute their contribution to society.

Athens has announced that its economy is 25% bigger than thought thanks, in part, to the round-the-clock duties of the country's prostitutes, who were known as hetairai in ancient times. The Greek authorities are revising the country's gross domestic product (GDP) after deciding that the black market should be included in the figures."

Nicholas Watt, "Greek Economy Up 25% - With a Little Help From Prostitutes," Guardian, Sep. 30, 2006

39. Grenada

Population: 90,739

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal but existed...

The constitution and law do not prohibit trafficking in persons; however, there were no reports that persons were trafficked to, from, or within the country. In theory trafficking cases could be prosecuted under other laws, such as those prohibiting forced prostitution, pimping, sexual abuse, and abuse of a minor."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Grenada," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

40.Guatemala

Population: 13,276,517

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

"In Guatemala City, a new soccer team is winning fans -- and it's not because they are winning games. Members of the Stars of the Tracks team are prostitutes, who hope to use their growing popularity to call attention to their collective fight for a better life."

"Guatemala City's Prostitute Soccer Team," National Public Radio (NPR), Jan. 12, 2005

41. Guyana

Population: 772,298

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal but present. It continued to receive greater public attention due to the high incidence of HIV/AIDS among prostitutes...

Government and NGOs reported only a small number of cases involving trafficking in persons. There were some unconfirmed reports of girls from the interior (where there was little government oversight and law enforcement was lacking) being trafficked for commercial sex to countries in South America and the Caribbean. Most traffickers were believed to be individual business persons.

The trafficking case against two women charged in 2006 with forcing a 12 year old girl into sexual slavery was dismissed in October for lack of evidence."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Guyana," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

42. Haiti

Population: 9,035,536

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Although prostitution is illegal, it remained a widespread practice, particularly among women and girls. Local NGOs reported that police generally ignored prostitution...

The law does not specifically prohibit trafficking in persons, although labor legislation and other laws, including those prohibiting and penalizing slavery, kidnapping, and violence against women, could be used to combat human trafficking. There were reports that persons were trafficked from, to, through, and within the country... Women from the Dominican Republic were trafficked into the country for sexual exploitation."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Haiti," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

43.Honduras

Population: 7,792,854

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Although adult prostitution is legal and relatively widespread, the law prohibits promoting or facilitating for purposes of prostitution. Women were trafficked for sexual exploitation and debt bondage... Trafficking in children for commercial sexual exploitation and child prostitution was a problem...

The country was principally a source and transit country for women and children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Women and children were trafficked to Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, and also internally, most often from rural to urban settings. Most foreign victims trafficked into Honduras came from neighboring countries. During the year the government returned dozens of trafficking victims from Mexico and Guatemala. In the Tegucigalpa metropolitan area, an estimated several hundred children were victims of commercial sexual exploitation.

Gangs, organized crime, and human smugglers were reportedly among the principal traffickers for purposes of commercial sexual exploitation. There were reports that families sold their daughters for purposes of trafficking. On February 9, Emilio Fiallos Pina and his wife Dora Rutilia Sauceda Fiallos were arrested for allegedly selling their nine-year-old daughter to attorney Conrado Zelava Castellon for sexual exploitation."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Honduras," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

44. Hungary

Population: 9,905,596

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"In an effort to bring prostitutes into the legal economy, officials said Monday that Hungary will allow sex workers to apply for an entrepreneur's permit - a move that could generate government revenues from an industry worth an estimated $1 billion annually...

The permits allow prostitutes to give receipts to customers and become part of the legal economy by paying taxes and making social security contributions, said Agnes Foldi, head of the Hungarian Prostitutes' Interest Protection Association.

Hungary's sex industry - including prostitution and the production of pornographic materials - generates an estimated $1 billion annually, said Agnes Bakonyi, the spokeswoman of Hungary's tax authority APEH...

Prostitutes in Hungary, can work legally only within certain zones - distant from schools and churches - and must get regular medical checkups. Pimping and bordellos are banned."

Pablo Gorondi, "Hungary Gives Permits to Prostitutes," Washington Post, Sep. 24, 2007

45. Iceland

Population: 306,694

Prostitution: Limited Legality

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Selling sexual services is legal. Paying for sexual services is illegal.

In 2007, buying and selling sexual services was legalized as long as third parties did not profit from the earnings of prostitutes. In Apr. 2009 the Icelandic Parliament passed legislation to prohibit paying for prostitution.

46. India

Population: 1,166,079,217

Prostitution: Limited Legality

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution is not a criminal offense, but soliciting prostitution and prostitution in a public place are illegal.

47.Indonesia

Population: 240,271,522

Prostitution: Legal
Prostitution is not defined in the law.

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Legal

"Prostitution is not specifically addressed in the law. However, many officials interpreted "crimes against decency/morality" to apply to prostitution. Prostitution was widespread and largely tolerated, despite its contradiction with popular societal and religious norms. During the year security forces reportedly participated in operating brothels or protection rackets by shielding brothels from prosecution. International sex tourism reportedly continued, especially on the islands of Batam and Karimun and in major urban centers across the country...

The number of child prostitutes in the country was unclear, but the problem was widespread. Many teenage girls were forced into or found themselves caught in debt bondage. At times law enforcement officials treated child prostitutes as criminals rather than victims. Corrupt civil servants issued identity cards to underage girls, facilitating entry into the sex trade. There also were reports of sexual exploitation of boys. The country was a destination for child sex tourism. During the year NGOs reported that long active pedophile rings continued to operate in Bali. NGO observers said many girls were forced into prostitution after failed marriages entered into when they were 10 to 14 years of age. There was no obvious violation of the law because their paperwork identified them as adults due to the fact that they were once married."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: El Salvador," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

48. Iran

Population: 66,429,284

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitutes may face prison, lashing, or execution by stoning. Customers also face criminal penalties.
Establishing or managing a place of immorality or prostitution is a criminal act, subject to imprisonment from 1-10 years.
Living off the income of prostitution is illegal.

49. Iraq

Population: 28,945,657

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal. During the year, reports of prostitution increased. According to the NGO Organization for Women's Freedom in Iraq, some women have resorted to prostitution in order to provide for their children. On June 15, the Kurdish Lvin magazine published a detailed report on police involvement in a major Kirkuk prostitution ring, which routinely bribed government officials with prostitutes. The woman who ran the network asserted that there are over 200 brothels in Kirkuk. The author of the Lvin article, Soran Hama, was killed on July 21. The case remained unsolved at year's end...

Although reliable statistics did not exist, Iraq was a source and destination country for men and women trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and involuntary servitude. Children are trafficked within the country and abroad for commercial sexual exploitation. Women are trafficked within the country, as well as to Syria, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Turkey, and Iran for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Iraq," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

50. Ireland

Population: 4,203,200

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Organised crime gangs are setting up foreign language schools to act as a front for prostitution, Fine Gael’s spokesman on immigration and integration Denis Naughten has claimed.

Mr Naughton said bogus schools, established by organised crime groups, were assisting students in obtaining visas by providing the necessary documents.

Members of the Oireachtas were informed during a cross-party briefing on Wednesday 'that language schools in Dublin are breeding grounds for prostitution. We need urgent action to deal with the proliferation of sex trafficking into Ireland’s €80 million illegal sex industry,' he said."

Aoife Carr, "Language Schools Act as Fronts for Brothels - Naughten," Irish Times, June 19, 2009

51. Israel

Population: 7,233,701

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Procurement and living on the earnings of a woman in prostitution is prohibited.

52. Italy

Population: 58,126,212

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal.

"Italian prostitutes marched through one of the country's oldest university towns in protest over new measures to clamp down on soliciting. Bystanders stood opened-mouthed as hundreds of women danced and sang their way in colourful procession through the streets of Padua in protest against a crackdown by the Mayor, which would grant police the power to issue £30 on-the-spot fines to their clients.

The council says targeting clients is its only option, given that prostitution is legal in Italy - despite the ordinarily hard moral line from the Vatican. But the prostitutes have devised a way to counteract the penalties - by issuing pink coupons to their clients promising to refund the fine 'in kind'. The council claims that prostitution has fallen 70 per cent since the new rules came in last week, but the prostitutes said they have merely moved to quieter areas."

"Italian Prostitutes Protest at Clampdown," Marie Claire, May 17, 2007

53. Jamaica

Population: 2,825,928

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Although the law prohibits prostitution, it was widespread, particularly in tourist areas. Trafficking in women for prostitution continued to be a problem...Child prostitution and trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation were problems...

The law does not specifically prohibit forced or compulsory labor, including by children, and there were reports of child prostitution and of children trafficked into domestic servitude and forced labor."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Jamaica," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

54. Japan

Population: 127,078,679

Prostitution: Limited Legality

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution is defined as only coitus. Non-coital sex acts are not illegal.

55. Jordan

Population: 6,342,948

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"The country was a destination and transit point for men and women from South and Southeast Asia trafficked for forced labor, as well as a destination for women from Eastern Europe and Morocco for prostitution. Women from countries includingSri Lanka, Indonesia, and the Philippines migrated to work as domestic servants, but some were subjected to conditions of forced labor, such as withholding of passports, restrictions on movement, non-payment of wages, threats, and physical or sexual abuse."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Jordan," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

56. Kenya

Population: 39,002,772

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Whether one likes it or not, prostitution is a "profession" that will not die away; it is here to stay. And with it comes the challenges which hardly allow easy solutions. The trade in Kenya, which is classified under the Penal Code, Sections 147 to 154, is illegal in Kenya and calls for stiff penalty. But even though the law is clear on commercial sex work, regardless of gender and affiliation, the general belief is that it is mostly the women who engage in it and who are arrested by police when caught."

May 19, 2007, Mildred Ngesa, "Kenya: What the Law Says About the Oldest 'Profession'," Nairobi Nation

57. Korea, North

Population: 22,665,345

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"According to press reports, prostitution is illegal; there is no available information on the prevalence of prostitution in the country. There continued to be reports of trafficking in women and young girls who had crossed into China...

Some North Korean women and girls who voluntarily crossed into China were picked up by trafficking rings and sold as brides to Chinese nationals or placed in forced labor. In other cases, North Korean women and girls were lured out of North Korea by the promise of food, jobs, and freedom, only to be forced into prostitution, marriage, or exploitive labor arrangements. A network of smugglers facilitated this trafficking. Many victims of trafficking, unable to speak Chinese, were held as virtual prisoners, and some were forced to work as prostitutes. Traffickers sometimes abused or physically scarred the victims to prevent them from escaping. Officials facilitated trafficking by accepting bribes to allow individuals to cross the border into China."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Democratic People's Republic of Korea," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

58. Korea, South

Population: 48,508,972

Prostitution: Illegal
Illegal since 1948.

Brothel Ownership: Illegal
Up to 10 years in prison.

Pimping: Illegal

"More than 1,400 people have been caught buying, selling, or brokering sex around the country over the last ten days, the National Police Agency said Thursday.

The agency launched a nationwide crackdown on brothels on April 6 continuing until the end of May.

It apprehended a total of 1,477 people involved in prostitution during the first seven days, taking 14 of them into custody.

Among those were 15 building owners allowing pimps to conduct business there, 814 customers and 369 prostitutes.

More than half, or 820 of those detained were from Seoul and its surrounding areas ? 340 from Gyeonggi Province, 268 from Seoul, and 212 from Incheon, the nation's second largest port city located west of the capital.

The majority of those caught were at brothels disguised as 'massage clubs,' the agency said, but 159 were found to have paid for sex from women they met through online chat rooms.

Under the Anti-Prostitution Law, prostitutes and their customers can face up to one year in prison, or a three million won fine, while brokers face up to seven years in prison or 70 million won in fines. Those purchasing or brokering sex with minors face harsher punishment."

Park Si-soo, "1,400 Nabbed for Prostitution in a Week," Korea Times, Apr. 16, 2009

59.Kyrgyzstan

Population: 5,431,747

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution is not a crime but the exact legal status is unclear.

60. Latvia

Population: 2,231,503

Prostitution: Legal
Requires monthly health check.

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

61. Liberia

Population: 3,441,790

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"The first woman to be appointed Director of the Liberia National Police (LNP), Col. Beatrice Munah Sieh, says her administration will eradicate the high level of prostitution and corruption in Liberia."

Apr. 13, 2006, M. Welemongia Ciapha, II, "Police Boss Vows To Fight Prostitution," Liberian Observer

62.Lithuania

Population: 3,555,179

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal but remained a problem. The penalty is a fine of 300 to 500 litas (approximately $124 to $207) for a single offense and up to 1,000 litas ($415) for repeat offenses. In the first eight months of the year, police charged 72 women with administrative violations for prostitution...

The law prohibits forced or compulsory labor, including by children; however, there were reports that women and children were trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. Trafficked women and girls in forced prostitution worked on streets, in illegal brothels, or as call girls."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Lithuania," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

63.Luxembourg

Population: 491,775

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is legal and was common, but the activities associated with organized prostitution, such as profiting from, aiding, or trafficking prostitutes are punishable by law...

The country is a destination for women trafficked transnationally for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Source countries during the year primarily included Romania and Ukraine. During the year the government identified nine victims of trafficking. At year's end authorities were prosecuting one perpetrator for trafficking, and had tried and convicted nine others for procuring prostitution and human trafficking."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Lithuania," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

64. Malaysia

Population: 25,715,819

Prostitution: Limited Legality

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution is not a criminal offense, but soliciting prostitution is illegal.

65. Malta

Population: 405,165

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"The law prohibits prostitution, and the government effectively enforced it. The law provides for sentences of several months to two years in prison. From January through June, the police arraigned 27 persons on 49 charges (counting repeat arrests) for offences related to prostitution. There were a number of prosecutions during the year...

The country is a destination for women trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. On July 6 authorities charged three men with forcing a Swedish woman into prostitution. According to police, two separate investigations in 2007 led to the arrest of seven persons for the trafficking of eight Russian and Ukrainian women for the purpose of sexual exploitation. There was also anecdotal evidence that women from Serbia, Romania, and other eastern European countries may have been trafficked to the country for forced prostitution."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Malta," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

66. Mexico

Population: 111,211,789

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution is decriminalized and regulated at the state level. Where regulated they must be at least 18, registered, pay for and receive health checks, and carry their health card. It cannot be in public though many cities have a red light district or "zona roja."

67.Netherlands

Population: 16,715,999

Prostitution: Legal
Officially legal since Oct. 2000. Prostitutes must be over 18 and clients must be over 16. Prostitutes must register and pay taxes.

Brothel Ownership: Legal
Subject to licensing
and zoning requirements.

Pimping: Legal
Living off income from a prostitute
is legal if it doesn't involve coercion.

68. New Zealand

Population: 4,213,418

s

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Legal

Since 2003 prostitution has been decriminalized. It is legal for citizens over 18 years old.
Owners or brothels must be over 18 years old, a citizen of New Zealand or Australia, and have an Operator's Certificate. Only applicants with serious criminal convictions will be denied.
No laws against living off the avails of prostitution.

69.Nicaragua

Population: 5,891,199

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Legal

"Prostitution, which is legal for persons 14 years of age and older, was common, although the law prohibits its promotion, including procurement. In Managua most prostitutes worked on the streets, in nightclubs and bars, or in massage parlors. The law imposes a penalty of five to seven years' imprisonment for convicted sex tourism offenders. The NNP reported no cases of sex tourism during the year...

Child prostitution remained a problem. The law permits juveniles 14 years of age or older to engage in prostitution. The country was a destination for child sex tourism, primarily in Granada and Managua; however, there were no reported cases during the year."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Nicaragua," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

70. Norway

Population: 4,660,539

Prostitution: Limited Legality

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Selling sexual services is legal. Purchasing sex is illegal.

71. Panama

Population: 3,360,474

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

72.Paraguay

Population: 6,995,655

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is legal for persons over the age of 18, and exploitation and trafficking of women, particularly underage prostitutes, remained serious problems... Sexual exploitation of children, principally in prostitution, was a serious problem. According to the SNNA, many underage children were forced to work as prostitutes or domestic servants for survival and were sexually abused...

In March a 15-year-old trafficking victim who escaped from a brothel in Buenos Aires fled to Ciudad del Este, where she filed a complaint with the SNNA. Based on her complaint, Argentine and Paraguayan authorities rescued 25 girls from the brothel. Charges remained pending. During the year prosecutors opened an investigation into a syndicate that trafficked dozens of adolescent girls to Chile."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Paraguay," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

73. Peru

Population: 29,546,963

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

"Peruvian sex workers urged the government on Friday to regulate their profession, saying it would protect them from violence and help stop the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. Although prostitution is legal in Peru and in much of Latin America, sex workers said prostitutes should be allowed to work under license in 'tolerance zones.' To get and keep a license they would have to register with the government, submit to regular health checks and pay taxes.

'People have to understand that it's not simply about a whore standing on a street corner, it's a woman, a lady who's working,' said Angela Villon, president of the Civil Association of Sex Workers, at a news conference....

According to the health ministry, there are around 60,000 sex workers in Peru, 14,000 of them in the capital Lima, although Villon said she believed the true figures were higher."

Gideon Long, "Sex Workers Urge Peru to Regulate Prostitution," Reuters, May 18, 2007

74.Philippines

Population: 97,976,603

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Bar girls" must register and have health checks.

75. Poland

Population: 38,482,919

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"According to police, there were an estimated 3,200 prostitutes in the country; however, NGOs estimated that the number of women in all elements of the sex industry was significantly higher, from 18,000-20,000. Women were trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation...

While prostitution is not criminalized, pimping, recruiting, or luring persons into prostitution carry penalties of up to 10 years in prison... In 2007, according to the Ministry of Justice, 70 traffickers were convicted for forced prostitution and trafficking, compared to 16 convictions in 2006 strictly for trafficking."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Poland," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

76. Portugal

Population: 10,707,924

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution in Quarteira has been steadily rising over the past years, mainly due to the influx of immigrant women from Eastern Europe, Brazil and Africa. At the moment there are 80 street prostitutes in Quarteira, according to AIDS Support Movement...

They sell their services for as little as €20 and many times must settle for less as the interested parties haggle and the harsh competition forces them to accept the cheaper price.

Their clientele is extremely varied; labourers, doctors, lawyers, tourists, students and even the elderly drive down the street at an idle speed to satisfy their urge, explained the psychologist who has been helping women protect themselves from sexually transmitted diseases for the past seven years.

The AIDS Support Movement distributes condoms and information pamphlets teaching prostitutes how to put on a condom even if the client does not want to use one...

In 2007 there were 80 prostitutes working in Quarteira, 78 women and two transsexuals, 65% of them were foreign."

"Quarteira Protesting Prostitution," Portugal News, Aug. 30, 2008

77. Romania

Population: 22,215,421

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Romanian authorities are planning to legalize prostitution as a way to help fight human trafficking and sex slavery, police said on September, 1st. Selling sexual favors is now a crime punishable by fines or up to three years in prison in Romania. However, because the crime is considered petty, most prostitutes only face fines, with some prostitutes collecting over 500 fines in the last two years, Bucharest police said. The fines are rarely paid, and tax collection authorities cannot enforce them as most prostitutes have no legal income.... Pimps face up to seven years in prison, or up to 20 years if they traffic minors, but despite efforts by law enforcement sex trafficking remains widespread."

"Romanian Authorities Consider Plan to Legalize Prostitution," Associated Press (AP), Sep. 6, 2006

78. Rwanda

Population: 10,473,282

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"President Paul Kagame yesterday warned that the government would not tolerate prostitution in Rwanda. Addressing thousands that thronged Amahoro National Stadium to commemorate the 30th International Women's Day, the President castigated prostitution as an illicit act that should never be defined as part of the country's development agenda. 'I received reports from the Mayor of Kigali recently that some women and girls were arguing that it (prostitution) is a sign of development,' Kagame said. 'It is not part of Rwanda's path to development and, therefore, must stop.'...

'It (prostitution) cannot be classified anywhere in the country's development indicators. It is a menace that ought to be stopped immediately because we have our own morals and cultural values that have to be preserved and protected,' Kagame stressed...."

Robert Mukombozi, "Rwanda: Govt Toughens On Prostitution," New Times, Mar. 9, 2007

79. Saint Kitts and Nevis

Population: 40,131

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal and was not considered a problem...

In August parliament passed laws criminalizing trafficking in persons that include all elements of the offense, such as withholding identification or travel documents of a person and controlling and restricting the movement of a person. There were no confirmed reports that persons were trafficked to, from, or within the country."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Saint Kitts and Nevis," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

80. Saint Lucia

Population: 160,267

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal, but it was a growing problem. Some underground strip clubs were fronts for prostitution and reportedly were owned by corrupt police officers. There were no arrests for prostitution during the year...

There were reports that some women from Saint Lucia were trafficked to Saint Marten and Barbados, and that women from the Dominican Republic, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil and some Eastern European countries were trafficked to Saint Lucia, where they worked at strip clubs and brothels. There were reports that police owned many of these clubs, particularly in Rodney Bay, and that women who fled the brothels were sometimes returned to them by police."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Saint Lucia," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

81. Saint Vincent and Grenadines

Population: 104,574

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Although prostitution is illegal, a local human rights group reported that it remained a problem among young women and teenagers."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Saint Vincent and Grenadines," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

82. Saudi Arabia

Population: 28,686,633

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Saudi police have arrested more than 80 people involved in 20 cases of prostitution and pimping this year, including some seized in the past 24 hours, Al Riyadh newspaper reported Friday. Some of those rounded up were foreign domestic workers who had fled their employers, the paper said.

Among the pimps arrested Thursday were an Egyptian and a Syrian, along with several Indonesian prostitutes caught in the act, the paper said. One girl, arrested earlier, told a newspaper that she had been 'led astray, into error, by the devil to devote herself to vice, for 1,500 [Saudi] riyals [about $400] a night.'

Prostitution is strictly banned in Saudi Arabia, which applies Sharia (Islamic law), and is punishable by prison and flogging."

"Saudi Police Seize 80 For Prostitution, Pimping," Middle East Times, June 22, 2007

83. Senegal

Population: 13,711,597

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution has been legal since 1969. Must be at least 21 years of age, register with the police, carry a valid sanitary card, and test negative for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Free condoms are provided beginning at the first visit to the clinic and are renewed monthly.
Soliciting or living off the earnings of prostitution is prohibited.

84.Singapore

Population: 4,657,542

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

Legal red-light districts, mandatory health checks, and must be 16 years or older

85. Slovakia

Population: 5,463,046

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is legal, but related activities, such as operating brothels, knowingly spreading sexually transmitted diseases, or trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation, are prohibited. There was no reliable data on the extent of prostitution...

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimated that between 150 and 200 persons were trafficked from or through the country during 2007, mainly for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. There were isolated reports that children were forced into prostitution...

In February 2007 police uncovered a trafficking ring organized by Slovak and Slovenian citizens that recruited young Slovak women to work legally in Croatia, and then forced them to work as prostitutes in Slovenia."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Slovak Republic," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

86. Slovenia

Population: 2,005,692

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal, but the government did not actively enforce this prohibition. Antitrafficking authorities and NGOs informally estimated that as many as 80 bars and clubs across the country could be engaged in facilitating or promoting prostitution...

The government apprehended, investigated, and prosecuted traffickers; police investigated nine instances of human trafficking and seven instances of forced prostitution."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Slovenia," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

87. South Africa

Population: 49,052,489

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"South Africa's Constitutional Court Wednesday upheld the country's Sexual Offences Act, which classifies prostitution as an illegal profession. Six of the country's top 11 judges favoured retaining and enforcing the Act, which also prohibited the keeping of brothels. The news has been met with dismay by Cape Town's tourism chiefs who wanted the city's sex industry regulated and turned into a major attraction to the city."

"Court Rules that Prostitution Remains Illegal in South Africa," Panafrican News Agency, Oct. 9, 2002

88. Spain

Population: 40,525,002

Prostitution: Limited Legality

Brothel Ownership: Illegal in some regions

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution is not a crime but the exact legal status is unclear.

89.Suriname

Population: 481,267

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Although the law prohibits sexual exploitation, including prostitution, in practice prostitution was tolerated. Concerns about the link between prostitution and trafficking in persons resulted in police raids on brothels and arrests of several prostitutes. Poverty continued to put young women at risk of becoming exploited for commercial sex. The presence of large groups of illegal workers in the gold mining sector in the interior drew young Maroon women and girls into commercial sexual exploitation. Police allowed many brothels to operate but made bimonthly checks on these establishments to monitor if women were being abused, held against their will, or having their passports retained by brothel owners to ensure fulfillment of work contract obligations."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Suriname," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

90. Sweden

Population: 9,059,651

Prostitution: Limited Legality

Brothel Ownership: Illegal
Punishment includes up to
4 years in prison.

Pimping: Illegal

Since 1999 selling sex is not a crime but the buying of sex is. Buyers face fines and up to 6 months in prison.

91.Switzerland

Population: 7,604,467

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitutes must register with city authorities and health authorities and get regular health checks.Brothel ownership Legalized in 1992.

92. Thailand

Population: 65,905,410

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution was made illegal in 1928, and the laws against it strengthened in 1960. But it is an omnipresent part of the Thai society, tacitly accepted and tolerated. Prostitution goes on in brothels in the countryside, behind the garish signs over Bangkok's girlie bars and massage parlors. The industry is estimated to account for an estimated 3 percent of Thailand's economy, or about US$4.3 billion a year."

"Thailand Holds Debate On Legalizing Prostitution," Taipei Times, Nov. 28, 2003

93. Trinidad and Tobago

Population: 1,229,953

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is illegal, and the authorities continued to monitor, investigate, and prosecute major operators believed to be engaged in soliciting for prostitution. On January 20, police arrested 42 women involved in a prostitution ring, many of whom had entered the country illegally. The authorities deported many of them...

The Sexual Offenses Act prohibits procurement of a person for the purpose of sexual intercourse with another person, and procuring a person to become an inmate of a brothel or to frequent a brothel."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Trinidad and Tobago," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

94. Turkey

Population: 76,805,524

Prostitution: Legal
Requires registering and attending clinics for regular examinations. Must carry identity card indicating the dates of his or her health checks. Health checks can be as often as twice a week. Sexworkers cannot be married and their children are barred from occupying high rank in the army or police, or marrying persons of such rank, although they can work in other areas of government service.

Brothel Ownership: Limited Legality
.

Pimping: Illegal

95. Uganda

Population: 32,369,558

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"The Penal Code Act Cap 120, for instance, holds any person involved in prostitution criminally liable for the offence even though that person is forced to do so against his or her will.

The Immigration Act also prohibits entry of a prostitute, or a person prior to entering Uganda was living on the earnings of prostitution and punishes any person who becomes employed in Uganda without entry permit. In this case many young girls and women who are trafficked into prostitution or forced to enter Uganda illegally are guilty of such offences. They are further punished by the law. They are at a risk of being imprisoned, fined, deported and re-trafficked if found guilty in the existing laws. There are also no legal provisions that entitle Victims of trafficking in humans to rehabilitation despite the grave physical assaults, sexual abuses, and psychological trauma they experience in the due process."

"Uganda: Punished Because There is No Law to Protect Them," [Kampala]Daily Monitor, May 30, 2007

96. United Arab Emirates

Population:4,798,491

Prostitution: Illegal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

The sharia courts sentence lashings followed by imprisonment.

97. United Kingdom

Population: 61,113,205

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Persistent" solicitation in public places is illegal.Kerb crawling is illegal.

98. United States

Population: 318,377,000

Prostitution: Limited Legality

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

Prostitution in the United States is illegal, except in some rural counties of the state of Nevada. Prostitution, however, is present in most parts of the country, in various forms.
The regulation of prostitution in the United States is not among the enumerated powers of the federal government. Under the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, it is therefore exclusively the domain of the states to permit, prohibit, or otherwise regulate commercial sex, except insofar as Congress may regulate it as part of interstate commerce with laws like the Mann Act. In most states, prostitution is considered a misdemeanor in the category of public order crime, a crime that disrupts the order of a community. It was at one time considered to be a vagrancy crime.
Currently, Nevada is the only state to allow legal prostitution - in the form of regulated brothels - the terms of which are stipulated in the Nevada Revised Statutes. Only 8 counties currently contain active brothels. All forms of prostitution are illegal in Clark County (which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area), Washoe County (which contains Reno), Carson City, Douglas County, and Lincoln County. The other counties theoretically allow brothel prostitution, but some of these counties currently have no active brothels. Street prostitution, "pandering," and living off of the proceeds of a prostitute remain illegal under Nevada law, as elsewhere in the country.
As with other countries, prostitution in the United States can be divided into three broad categories: street prostitution, brothel prostitution, and escort prostitution.

99. Uruguay

Population: 3,494,382

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Illegal

Pimping: Illegal

"Prostitution is legal for persons over the age of 18 and was practiced openly in major cities and tourist resorts. There were no known reports of police abuse of individuals engaging in prostitution. Trafficking in women for prostitution occurred...

Some minors engaged in prostitution and forced labor. INAU found that they often did so at the request of their families to increase income. The media reported three cases of minors engaged in prostitution with the consent of their parents in the provinces of Tacuarembo, Rocha, and Paysandu...

Most victims were women, girls, and some boys trafficked within the country to border and tourist areas for sexual exploitation. Through use of false job offers, some women were trafficked to Spain and Italy for commercial sexual exploitation."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Uruguay," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

100.Venezuela

Population: 26,814,843

Prostitution: Legal

Brothel Ownership: Legal

Pimping: Legal

"Prostitution is legal. While there was no government information on the extent of prostitution, the local anti-trafficking NGO Association of Women for Welfare and Mutual Help noted that prostitution was a serious problem, particularly in Caracas and domestic tourist destinations...

Trafficking may be prosecuted under criminal laws against forced prostitution and trafficking, with penalties of up to 20 years for using force to coerce a victim to perform a sexual act for a third person, and under a law to protect children, with fines of one to 10 months' income for trafficking in children and two to six years' imprisonment for trafficking a child abroad. The Organized Crime Law provides for sentences of 10 to 15 years if the victim of trafficking or smuggling for labor or sexual exploitation is an adult, or 10 to 18 years if the victim is a child or adolescent...

The law prohibits inducing the prostitution and corruption of minors. Penalties range from three to 18 months in prison and up to four years in prison if the minor is younger than 12 years old. If the crime is committed repeatedly or for profit, it is punishable by three to six years' imprisonment. Prison sentences for inducing a minor into prostitution are increased by up to five years if various aggravating circumstances occur. Penalties for several crimes relating to child prostitution do not apply if the perpetrator marries the victim. The production and sale of child pornography is prohibited, and the law establishes penalties of 16 to 20 years' imprisonment for this crime."

US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, "2008 Human Rights Report: Venezuela," www.state.gov, Feb. 25, 2009

Country

Legal Status of Prostitution, Brothel, and Pimping

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